Gender Discrimination in Education/Title IX

In 1971, there was only one female high school athlete for every twelve males. Nationwide, only 294,000 girls were participating in high school sports, while a whopping 3.6 million boys enjoyed spots on athletic teams. Then in 1972, Congress passed Title IX, a federal law that prohibits sex discrimination in any school receiving federal money, which includes nearly all public schools, most private colleges, and many private secondary and elementary schools.

Despite the 1972 enactment of Title IX, public and private schools continue to discriminate against female athletes. CWLC fights this discrimination, proudly maintaining our role as an expert in Title IX enforcement throughout California and serving as a primary resource center in the state for girls, parents, coaches, school officials, and policymakers.

Our efforts include fighting Title IX violations, including students who are discriminated against in athletic programs, lack accommodations for those who are pregnant or parenting, and students who have experienced sexual assault and harassment on their college campuses.

Title IX:  Athletics

Even though both state and federal laws have prohibited sex discrimination in sports programs for over forty years in publicly funded educational institutions and recreational facilities, girls are still losing out on the playing field. CWLC is an advocate for the need to vigorously enforce these laws. To enhance girls’ preparedness for competitive sports, CWLC is one of the few organizations focused on equity at the K-12 level.

Given our successful Title IX athletics litigation in Ollier v. Sweetwater Union High School District, CWLC continues to work with students and parents to ensure equal access to sports on school campuses across the state. We know that athletic opportunities boost young women’s confidence and help prepare them for future educational and professional endeavors.

RELATED RESOURCES

Gender Discrimination in Education - Athletics

This guide provides an overview on gender discrimination in education, and is focused specifically on athletics. It covers the...

Webinar - Title IX - Gender Equality in School Athletics (2016)

The California Women’s Law Center and the Legal Aid Society - Employment Law Center’s Fair Play for Girls in Sports Project...

Just Play Now

CWLC has a dedicated website in order to provide information and tools to students, parents and coaches to ensure that their high...

Title IX Victory in the Ninth Circuit on Sweetwater (2014)

CWLC, with our partners at the Legal Aid Society-Employment Law Center and Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP, continue to monitor...

Time Out - Does your School Play Fair? (2006)

CWLC developed this practical guide to inform women and young girls of their rights under Title IX, and to help them fairly assess...

Girls Participation in Sports: An Important Tool in Teen Pregnancy Prevention (2002)

One of the proven benefits of sports activity that has too often been overlooked is the relationship between participation in...

Opening Doors & Opportunities for Girls

A Title IX Compliance Checklist: Top 14 Questions to Ask and Act On The California Title IX Coalition invites you to join us in...

Title IX: Pregnant and Parenting Students

CWLC is a strong advocate in the fight to end discrimination against pregnant and parenting students, and school employees. Despite legal protections against sex discrimination in education, pregnant and parenting students are routinely stigmatized, marginalized, and coerced into attending substandard, non-traditional schools.

To protect students’ rights, CWLC trains advocates, legal services attorneys, and school personnel throughout California on the educational rights of pregnant and parenting students, including their right to stay in school, participate in all extra-curricular activities, and receive child care and confidential family planning services.

CWLC intervenes on behalf of pregnant and parenting students by providing support, ranging from direct contact with school administrators to the implementation of reasonable accommodations for students, including litigation when necessary.  CWLC also advocates for policy initiatives to protect the civil rights of pregnant and parenting students.

RELATED RESOURCES

Gender Discrimination in Education - Pregnancy and Parenting

A brief overview on gender discrimination in education, focused specifically on the application of Title IX to pregnant and parenting...

ABCs of Breastfeeding Report Card (2015 and 2016)

In 2015, the ACLU of Southern California, BreastfeedLA (The Breastfeeding Task Force of Greater Los Angeles) and CWLC released...

Pregnant Students and Confidential Medical Services Policy Brief (2013)

This CWLC policy brief outlines the rights of pregnant teens in California regarding their ability to consent to all medical care...

Educational Rights of Pregnant & Parenting Teens: Title IX & CA State Law Requirements (2012)

This CWLC policy brief explores Title IX, specifically the explicit protections for pregnant and parenting students. Coupled...

The Civil Rights of Pregnant and Parenting Teens in California Schools (2002)

This CWLC policy brief was created to educate the public about the civil rights of pregnant and parenting teens and to encourage...

Girls Participation in Sports: An Important Tool in Teen Pregnancy Prevention (2002)

One of the proven benefits of sports activity that has too often been overlooked is the relationship between participation in...

Title IX: Sexual Assault and Harassment

Title IX states that all students should have access to a fair and equal education, but sexual violence has become an epidemic on college campuses depriving female students their rights. CWLC closely monitors the fight to end sexual assault on college campuses and beyond. We are committed to providing students and their advocates the resources they need to prevent campus sexual assaults and secure justice for survivors. CWLC delivers trainings on campus sexual assault and other Title IX issues to students, educators, and attorneys in California.

RELATED RESOURCES

Gender Discrimination in Education - Sexual Assault and Harassment

This is a brief overview on gender discrimination in education, focused specifically on sexual assault and harassment. This short...

Student and Advocate Web Resources

The California Women’s Law Center closely monitors the fight to end sexual assault on college campuses and is committed to providing...